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In the past year alone, 1775 measles cases were reported to the Robert Koch Institute in Germany.

Children of mothers with a high level of education are more likely to be poorly vaccinated. Some parents also believe their children should go through measles, the spokeswoman said.

Lack of vaccination protection in children

The main problem is that many adolescents and young adults do not know anything about their lack of vaccination protection, says Matysiak-Klose. More educational work needs to be done here. Experts advise children to have two consecutive vaccinations. According to the Ministry of Health, this is the case for an average of 92 percent of school beginners in Germany. Ideally, according to RKI expert Matysiak-Klose, 95 percent of the total population should be immune. The Ministry of Health has launched a campaign worth millions under the title “Germany is looking for the vaccination passport” to provide information about measles and vaccination. Meanwhile, anti-vaccination campaigns are making mobile use of the Internet under the motto “Germany burns the vaccination certificate” and warn, among other things, of vaccination damage. At the end of November, the group already had more than 3,800 followers on Facebook. In parallel to the awareness-raising campaign, the ministry is examining various legal regulations to better document the vaccination status or to better combat outbreaks, the spokeswoman said. The vaccination status of children could already be ascertained when they are admitted to kindergarten. The project will be the task of the new federal government.

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Experts call for protection in daycare centers and schools

Paediatricians are demanding that all children in public schools and daycare centers should be protected. “At least everyone who benefits from a publicly funded facility should be vaccinated,” said Ulrich Fegeler, summarizing the urgent recommendation of his professional association. Fegeler assumes that the introduction of compulsory vaccinations, as it was in the GDR, is unrealistic today. In any case, the subject is not off the table in the ministry. “If we do not succeed in increasing the vaccination quota in the next few years, despite better education, the discussion about mandatory vaccination will arise,” the spokeswoman is convinced.

It’s still cold season, but there is already pollen in the air. If the child sniffs and sneezes, both a cold and an allergy can be the trigger. There are clues that parents can use for orientation.

The professional association of paediatricians gives tips on how parents can differentiate between the symptoms of a cold and allergy.

Symptoms of a cold

usually begins slowly, can occur at any time, but does not accumulate in the winter months, as a rule, does not last longer than ten days, may be associated with fever. Nasal secretions are only initially rather watery, later rather thick and yellowish or greenish in color

Symptoms of an allergy

usually begins suddenly and always becomes noticeable at a certain time or under certain conditions, for example when certain plants start to bloom can take weeks or months is usually associated with itchy, watery eyes because the allergy trigger can cause inflammation of the conjunctiva and the nasal secretion is thin and clear

Have the doctor clarify the allergy trigger

However, only a visit to the doctor brings certainty. Parents’ observations can be of great help in making a diagnosis. In addition to pollen, there are many other possible triggers. This includes animal hair, dust mites, certain foods or even mold.

An allergy diary is helpful: it is best for parents to write down all possible allergy-causing substances with which the children have come into contact or which they have eaten.123helpme.me They should also hold on to when symptoms improve or worsen.

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The need to protect one’s infant is natural and right. But some parents exaggerate this protection. They ensure extreme hygiene in the baby’s environment, disinfect the stroller, hardly allow anyone to approach the child, especially no animals, and flee from every cold nose. However, this can make the baby’s immune system bored and start shooting sparrows with cannons.

Child Development – The Milestones of Childhood

Child development

The milestones of childhood

The body’s own defense must first develop. So it’s no wonder that children are sick more often in their first few years of life. It is completely normal. “A strong immune system can only develop if there is appropriate contact with natural germs and environmental factors. Children should not be deprived of this through isolation,” explains Jan-Holger Schiffmann from the Nuremberg Hospital. He is referring to parents who believe that their child is protected by keeping it away from other children or crowds. The opposite is the case. Studies show that allergies were less common in East Germany because the children used to be cared for in the day care center and infected each other.

It is similar with children who grow up with siblings: “If one assumes that the immune system of infants who grow up in a large family is confronted to a greater extent with natural germs and is thus trained better, one could draw positive conclusions from this With regard to the maturation of the immune system, “said the chief physician of the children’s and youth clinic to the parents’ editorial team at t-online.de.

Take precautionary measures against contagious diseases

But of course you also have to consider that some diseases that are just uncomfortable for us can quickly become dangerous for a baby. The prime example is gastrointestinal flu, as the loss of fluids can have serious effects. In such a case, it is certainly advisable to take a few extra precautionary and hygienic measures: “This includes, in particular, thorough hand washing, but also avoiding close physical contact with the sick person.” Nevertheless, the affected family member does not have to be moved out straight away just because they have a baby at home.

Dirt makes bacon

However, special hygiene in the event of illness should not be confused with the sometimes excessive hygiene measures in some families today. Because they too can inhibit the important steps in the development of the body’s own defenses. “That is of course not a free ticket, but a little dirt has certainly not harmed anyone,” says pediatrician Gerd Schauerte from the asthma center of the Christian youth village Berchtesgaden. Because the immune system does not have to deal with environmental germs, then it has nothing to do and enthusiastically pounces on allergens. Around 15 percent of all children and young people in Germany struggle with allergies. Neurodermatitis is on the advance, the number of asthma patients alone has increased tenfold since the Second World War.

Vaccination strengthens the immune system

But the allergist does not share the concerns that some parents have about vaccinations. He firmly believes that vaccination is actually beneficial for the immune system. “Vaccinations do not harm the children. On the contrary: Vaccinations strengthen the immune system because the body has to deal with dead or weakened pathogens. The immune system needs to be stressed for good development, it has to be encouraged and challenged.”

Even a newborn is allowed into the stable

It has been found that children who grow up on the farm have a significantly better immune system than others. “These children clearly have fewer allergies. The confrontation with bacteria that occur in the cowshed, for example, seems to be good,” explains Schauerte. But he adds with a smile: “Two weeks of vacation on the farm are of little use in this regard.” Still, they are probably better than nothing. “Everyone should decide for themselves whether it makes sense for mother and child to visit an animal stable in the first few weeks after birth,” says Schiffmann. “With regard to the development of the immune system, nothing speaks against it.”

Food myths

We know that breastfeeding offers good protection against allergies in the first four months. Breast milk has a decisive influence on the baby’s intestinal flora and if it is okay, the immune system is easier. For years, however, the experts were wrong about one thing: It is not necessary, and probably even disadvantageous, for mothers to avoid certain foods such as nuts or fish for fear of allergies during pregnancy and breastfeeding. “Sea fish in particular has proven to be useful, regardless of whether it was consumed by the mother while breastfeeding or later in porridge”, so the experience of the allergist. Babies who are just starting to discover complementary foods are usually very curious. And this natural curiosity for food of all kinds in small quantities ultimately gets your immune system going.

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New hope in the fight against measles: Researchers have developed a drug that could protect infected people from disease and prevent the virus from spreading.

In animal experiments it has been shown that the active ingredient inhibits the replication of the virus in the body and protects the animals from a fatal course of the disease, as scientists from the Paul Ehrlich Institute (PEI) in Langen and the Georgia State University Atlanta in the USA on Wednesday in reported on the online edition of Science Translational Medicine.

Measles immune

The researchers tested the active ingredient in an animal experiment with ferrets developed at the PEI. For their research, they used a very close relative of the measles virus, the canine distemper virus. Infection with the virus is fatal to untreated ferrets. If, on the other hand, the animals were treated with the novel inhibitor for 14 days from the third day after infection, all ferrets survived the infection. The treatment also led to immune protection against the measles virus – a renewed infection had no consequences.

In addition, the new drug could prevent the virus from spreading in local outbreaks and protect people around an infected person who have not yet developed any symptoms. According to the researchers, the drug could be manufactured, stored and administered by mouth at low cost.

More research on measles drug needed

The decisive hurdle in the development of drugs against viruses is often the development of resistance. The means are then largely ineffective. However, experiments with some resistant virus variants showed that the infectious disease they triggered was weakened or the course of the infection was slowed down. “Our studies also allow the prediction that such resistance would not spread in the population,” especially since measles outbreaks are usually localized, explained Veronika von Messling, head of veterinary medicine at the PEI.

According to the experts, more research is now needed before the drug can be used in humans. At the same time, the scientists explicitly pointed out that the drug does not replace the measles vaccination. The vaccination is “the only safe and effective protection against measles infections,” emphasized the PEI.

150,000 people die of measles

Despite global efforts to eradicate measles, around 150,000 people die from it every year. In Germany, too, outbreaks occur again and again due to vaccination gaps in the population. In the past year alone, 1775 measles cases were reported to the Robert Koch Institute in Germany.

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Originally, the World Health Organization (WHO) set itself the goal of eliminating measles in Europe by 2010. Due to insufficient vaccination rates in many countries, the new target was set for 2015.

Because of an animal disease, there will be fewer horses in the Cologne Rose Monday procession this year. The carnival society “Nippeser Bürgerwehr” is doing without its riding horses this year, as the managing director said on Monday. The background is that a case of the equine disease druse had occurred in a stud that makes the animals available to society. Your own horses are not affected, but you don’t want to take any risks. “The riders go on foot. The horse-drawn carriages are not affected, the horses come from another stable,” he said. Specifically, you do without 13 animals. The “Bild” reported about it.

Druse is considered highly contagious and is caused by bacteria. The disease manifests itself, among other things, in the form of an inflammation of the throat with fever. An infected horse could theoretically infect other animals on the Rose Monday procession.

According to the Cologne Carnival Festival Committee, the “Nippes Citizens’ Guard” is the first society that has withdrawn its animals because of the pathogen. After the case became known, the other groups tested their animals. The head of Cologne’s environmental and consumer protection office, Konrad Peschen, said on Monday: “We do not assume that other corps will be affected.”

The use of horses in the Cologne Rose Monday procession is always a topic of discussion. He is criticized by animal rights activists. During the Carnival Monday procession in 2018, two animals in a carriage went through and several were injured. After that, the rules for the participation of horses were tightened. / P